Self-dissolution of the USSR and the formation of the former Soviet Union, newly independent states have identified a qualitative transformation in the external perception of first, belonged to the area, which, in turn, led to the emergence of new spatial and political concepts and theories to ensure complete system, since the foreign policy approaches of individual states to change occurred. It was obvious that the above refers to one of the most important sectors of international politics, which is due to natural economic and geostrategic reasons, quickly became an area of former Soviet Central Asia. A known fact is controversial, marked by the middle of the 70th of the twentieth century in the interpretation of the concept of space.
Historical tradition in the Russian Soviet name for the area, "Central Asia and Kazakhstan" were used in the USSR during the period of 30th - early 90th twentieth century due to certain functional reasons. It was the fact that many of the country located in Asia and the USSR (Teddzhik, Uzbek and Terkmen), considered as belonging to the so-called "Central Asian Economic Area", while Kazakhstan stood out as a separate economic area. The independence of these republics, made the expansion of the Central Asian region and renamed it came from Central Asia. In fact, it happened at the meeting of CIS heads of state in 1993.
The second version, supported by official authorities of the USSR, which had not seen her in a hostile, appeared in an international education project. Cultural and geographical area of Central Asia in a fairly broad interpretation was given to the issue of UNESCO's six-volume "History of Civilizations of Central Asia", the above solution, which was taken at the XIX session of the organization, was held in November 1976 in Nairobi. The project started in 1981. For dzhospetiel version of UNESCO Central Asia, including Mongolia, western China, Tibet, north-eastern Iran, Kashmir, Afghanistan, Pakistan, eastern Russia, south of the Arctic forests, the Soviet republics of Central Asia, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh , Punjab and Pakistan.
Towers in Uzbekistan: Round 07
Activity: Cultural tour
Duration: 10 days
First Day: We will come to Tashkent airport, and the driver meet you. Will be accompanied by the Tashkent city. Then lunch.
Day 2: We start the tour in the morning flight to Urgench. Reach and proceed to Urgench Хиву. Adjust the hotel. Visiting attractions Хивы: iChat-Kala architectural Mohammed Amin Khan madrassah, the Castle Kunya Ark (1617 th c.), The tower Cadet Kalt, Tash-Hovli Palace (19 th c.), Pahlavi Mahmud Mausoleum (1418 th c.) and the Juma Mosque (10th c). Lunch during the day. Lunch. The night will be held at the hotel Хиве.
Third Day: Day starts the engine Bukhara (6 hours). On way to stop it, as the Amudarya river picnic lunch. Check in Bukhara. Register your hotel. Lunch. The night will be held at the hotel in Bukhara.
Day 4: Breakfast at 7:00. Tour Bukhara: Ismail Samoni Mausoleum (burial of the founder Ismail Samani Samani dynasty, 10th century), the Kalon Minaret Kalon Mosque Spread drink, Arabic, matches Madrassa (16 - th century), seeds Attory mosque. This is a very interesting building, the 12-16th century and restored facades century, the decorations of the church Zoroastrijsky down. Lunch during the day. Lunch. The night will be held at the hotel in Bukhara.
Day 5: Breakfast at 7:00. The first half of the day continues to tour Bukhara: Ark Fortress (home of the rulers of Bukhara), Museums, Ark Fortress, Cadet Choir, the summer residence of the rulers of Bukhara. Lunch. The engine Samarkand (3:00). Check in Samarkand. Regulation of the hotel. Lunch. The night will be held at the Hotel Samarkand.
Day 6: Breakfast at 7:00. Samarkand tour, which is at: Carré known Регистана (the Madrassa Sherdor the 17 th century, Tilla Kori and Ulugbek 15th century), Shokhi Nekropole Zinda (important pilgrimage place in Samarkand), remains of grandiose Bibi Khanum Mosque, Gur Emir Mausoleum ( where the conqueror Amir Temur's (Tamerlane), two children and two grandchildren son is buried in the 15th century), Ulugbek Observatory. Lunch during the day. Lunch. The night will be held at the Hotel Samarkand.
Day 7: The day starts with the engine Tashkent (4:00). Arrival in Tashkent. Regulation of the hotel. Lunch. Tashkent tour, including visits to Chorsu market in the old part of Tashkent city, the mosque and Kukuldash Khas Imom - the official religious center of the Muslims of Central Asia Barak Khan Madrassa (16 cents), the Tilla Shaykh Mosque - the Osman Koran, which, as was believed, of an old Qur'an kept in the library of the world in this mosque, the mausoleum of Abu Bakr Kaffe Shoshi - 1314 Century of Islamic scholars. Lunch. The night will be held at the hotel in Tashkent.
Day 8: The day begins with a morning flight Fergana. Check in at the hotel Fergana regulation. The engine Kokand: a visit to the Palace Kokand ruler of the 19th Narbutebay century Juma Mosque and Madrassa. Lunch. The engine Rishton of their way to visit a ceramics workshop. Lunch. The night will be held at the hotel in Fergana.
9th Day: We finish the tour of the engine Маргилану. Visit a silk factory. Lunch. Fergana tour. The reverse flight Tashkent. Lunch. The night will be held at the hotel in Tashkent.
10th Day: Our guide will accompany you to the airport Tashkent.
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6 - Artel large numbers of small, connected to the middle thirties. Thus, the artel was hope. He trades in some of the treated raw silk, silk weavers and teachers joined the towel. Uchkun Artel Artel, which I left in 1939. Potters, tanners are so
Great attention to the social and state grants were working in the cities. Electricity has been improved. Power station, built in 1945, with light that thirty per cent of the population. 1959 550 What's new? Began working on the station. Hivy of the economy of the city government, city departments, and gave serious attention to the development of joint projects in all areas. They took part in all of this important work. At the end of the 1950s, the city's water supply was built in the hive. Sixty percent of the roads were paved. That the homebuilding industry grew - mainly two-storey buildings *. Expansion of the boundaries of the city was built as the mew houses. Has three new fields. Now the citizens in the vicinity of natural gas. New schools, shops, cinemas, hospitals and released on personal service.
The city has changed in the last 10 years. But modern life is more intense Hiva old and weaves a unique city in ancient times. Major cities in the past these monuments symbolize and reflect.
Topography of Hiva
Thanks to centuries-old history, Hiva, a decrease in the re-development of the nineteenth century, the culmination of experts is not reached and the periods. Formed in the nineteenth century, is still kept in the main plan. Ship shahristana Castle (city) and Rabat (around): The history of the city as well as the principle of traditional design castle Hiva accompanied by surveying the clear parts. Ichan-Kala (shahristana), which was surrounded by strong walls, which in turn is surrounded by city walls Dishan-Kala, there were some areas.
The plan attacks outside the hive at the end of the East-West pipeline to the east, was colonized by the correct units. From south to north, beyond the limits of the walls of Ichan-Kala units and 2.5 km long and 2.5 km wide distance between the endpoints were. In the middle of this range, the eastern city of Ichan-Kala was built. Its area is less than five times on the total area of the city area.