currently there is no other, more serious external threat to Russia than the spread of military-political presence in the areas of the Black Sea, Caucasus and Central Asia. And here Russia would not allow for a long time to wait, it will move on to more actively blocking the efforts of the United States, expanding its military presence in this part of the world. If these efforts were associated only with the new challenges with respect to administration Obema Afghanistan, "Central Asian transit", as before, the limit value, perhaps the threat of Russia would not have been so great. However, the problem in Afghanistan - the only part of the Pentagon's plans in Eurasia.
In Moscow, they see that Beijing is in no hurry to make active steps to counter U.S. expansion into Central Asia, and appears here in front of it, Russia will have to solve the problem without China. A group of American designers led. Brzezinski calls (as always) to bring together U.S. and China against Russia. However, some U.S. analysts talk about the need to contain the growing power of China and to offer pleasure as a priority.
The policy of "containment" of China, which sought to hold the Bush administration, was a fiasco. It may be that in the next decade, the U.S. failed to develop an effective policy of deterrence, but to fight for it, of course, will be. Therefore, to Central Asia is a dual perspective, and much will depend on what course would prefer China.
Towers in Uzbekistan: Round 04
Activity: Cultural tour
Duration: 10 days
First Day: You are at the airport Tashkent. Your guide to the city of Tashkent. Strengthening breakfast at the hotel. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel in Tashkent.
Second Day: This day will be the morning flight to Urgench at 7:00. Go Хиву. Regulation of the hotel. Visiting attractions Хивы: iChat-Kala architectural ensemble (1219 th c). - The area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site - the residence of the last Khan including Ismail Khodja mausoleum, Mohammed Amin Khan madrassah in. Lunch during the day. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel Хиве.
Third day: breakfast strengthening. The engine Bukhara (6 hours). On way to stop it, as the Amudarya river picnic lunch. Check in Bukhara. Register your hotel. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel Bukhara.
4th Day: The day begins with breakfast strengthened. Bukhara trip to visit the Mausoleum of Ismail Samoni (the burial place of the founder of the dynasty, Ismail Samani Samani, 10th century), the Kalon Minaret Kalon Mosque Spread drink, Arabic, matches Madrassa (16 th century), lunch during the day. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel Bukhara.
5th day: this day you continue to tour Bukhara: Ark Fortress (home of the rulers of Bukhara), Museums, Ark Fortress, Cadet Choir, the summer residence of the rulers of Bukhara. Lunch. The engine Samarkand (3:00). Check in Samarkand. Regulation of the hotel. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel Samarkand.
Day 6: This day will trip to Samarkand, which in Carron known Регистана (the Madrassa Sherdor the 17 th century, Tilla Kori and Ulugbek 15th century), Shokhi Nekropole Zinda (important pilgrimage place in Samarkand), remains of grandiose Bibi Khanum Mosque, Gur Emir Mausoleum (where conqueror Amir Temur's (Tamerlane), two children and two grandchildren son is buried in the 15th century), Ulugbek Observatory. Lunch during the day. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel Samarkand.
Day 7: Strengthening the breakfast. The engine Tashkent (4:00). Arrival in Tashkent. Regulation of the hotel. Lunch. Tashkent tour, including visits to Chorsu market in the old part of Tashkent city, the mosque and Kukuldash Khas Imom - the official religious center of the Muslims of Central Asia Barak Khan Madrassa (16 cents), the Tilla Shaykh Mosque - the Osman Koran, which, as was believed, of an old Qur'an kept in the library of the world in this mosque, the mausoleum of Abu Bakr Kaffe Shoshi - 1314 Century of Islamic scholars. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel in Tashkent.
Day 8: The day begins with breakfast strengthened. Morning flight Fergana. Check in at the hotel Fergana regulation. The engine Kokand: a visit to the Palace Kokand ruler of the 19th Narbutebay century Juma Mosque and Madrassa. Lunch. The engine Rishton of their way to visit a ceramics workshop. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel Fergana.
9th day: breakfast strengthening. The engine Маргилану. Visit a silk factory. Lunch. Fergana tour. The reverse flight Tashkent. Enjoy a nice meal and sleep in the hotel in Tashkent.
Day 10: the driver will meet your hotel, then go to the airport.
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12 - Thus, we have the city's streets, squares and markets, some paved with bricks that read information from the X century, but all the buildings in the city were clay. (1) At the same individual, the construction of a clay base was built of fired brick and plaster finish. Water-resistant structures, bath, water, bridges, and they "break" the so-called lime, limestone and dry coal ash storage special blend funds for the construction of a special place sardobas. Termez in the eleventh century, almost all the major choral and sacred buildings in Column C, the minaret XI. By the way, fired brick and Sultan Hakim Termizi and Saodat and Dhu'l-KiflQuite memorial complex surface, which were often crude brick walls (Termez Shah Palace was built for) dressed in fired brick. Retrieved from 1070-1074, we read: "fired brick walls and towers of the Termez Termez masked by the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah and the winner was the order."
GrandeurThis when they looked at the doors of the candidate's design, the dome portal is conducted in such a way, the design of the building, for example, rose to the level of masons. When fired brick and monumental architecture, the main building material, was also decorative. And smooth surfaces of the facades are decorated with various ornaments, but most of the "fire" was in the form of the model, there was again a place of two bricks. (Examples (Dhu'l-Kifl (Sultan Saodat). Here, the vertical relationship between the bricks on each pair, so that the smooth side, as a group of words or a figure eight shape. 'What's the point of this kind of name was "bow view" (as we will continue to text.) Islamic prohibitions against the use of live (such as images, geometric ornaments, plants and epigraphic (Arabic) leads to the development and use of inscriptions., you are hooked on flat terrain in detail the treatment of light and dark and light (and shadow) to create a game rich in the surface of the walls. Kufi calligraphy and neskhi this monumental development and writing (Calligraphy types) and the performance impact of the intensification of art should be noted that an important role in decoration of buildings (such as the minaret of the mosque